Whilst it can be agreed that there are many reasons which point towards electric cars being the future of the automotive industry, it does not mean that the new form of powertrain for vehicles is without its drawbacks. This is because electric cars are very new when compared to the traditional internal combustion engine, that has been with us for more than 100 years. With this, here are the main limitations that surround current electric cars in 2018.
Long Charging Time
When compared to filling up at a gas station, the charging time to charge the electric batteries is still very long, albeit it improving. For example, Tesla and others claim charge up times in around 45 minutes. Although this has improved considerably when compared to what it was before, at hours, it is still a very long time to wait if you are in a hurry to get somewhere.
I guess part of this argument can be eroded due to the fact you can charge electric vehicles at home, overnight. If this is the case, there is a strong argument you would never use a full tank of 200+ miles in one day and not need to care about the long charging time, if it can be done overnight.
When electric cars first came to market, 100 miles was something that was considered a long range for electric vehicles. However, compare that to petrol and diesel, which are usually 350+ miles, it is still nowhere near enough.
Tesla seems to have cracked this by offering a 100kWh battery that can do around 380 miles. However, with this comes a huge price. Therefore, the technology for better range is there: just not at a price available to the mass market.
Due to electric vehicles using lithium batteries, the technology inside such batteries cause them to degrade over time, meaning that the range will reduce until nothing. Most electric vehicles should last till 100,000 miles. However, just how far such batteries can go is yet to be seen.
Although green in terms of the fact that electric vehicles don’t emit any emissions when driving, the process to make electric vehicles is extremely polluting, often causing the benefits of electric vehicles to not outweigh the pollution during manufacturing, unless you do an excessive amount of mileage.
As much as electric vehicles are the future, it is only for those that can afford it at the moment. Any electric vehicle is usually around $5-10k more expensive than the petrol of diesel version, making many consumers think ‘is the extra money actually going to be worth it?’ For many consumers at the moment, its a no until the price is more comparable to petrol and diesel vehicles.